Prior to the introduction of Chinese controllers, MPPT was an expensive feature found only on controllers costing hundreds of dollars. Chinese controllers cost about half the price of premium controllers.
Current production models are below; older models have been moved.
Some voltage setpoints are constrained in relationship to each other. Because of this it may be easiest to configure them in a particular order.1) This order places the configurations in increasing (or equal) voltages the way the controller wants it.
Tracer (and the Renogy rebrands) refer to the Absorption stage as “boost”. This is an unforced error; the nonstandard term confuses newcomers and conflicts with the already-existing “MPPT boost” term.
The battery icon found on many Tracer controllers is unnecessary and misleading. The manual claims it is a State of Charge meter but there is no guide to reading it. Since the same voltage can result in different display during charging and non-charging scenarios, it may actually be useful to think of as a charging indicator rather than state of charge indicator. Secessus' unscientific observation reveals these weak correlations:
|5 bars / 100%||Float|
|4 bars / 80%||late Absorption|
|3 bars / 60%||early Absorption||⇐ Vfloat|
|2 bars / 40%||late Bulk, >=Vfloat|
|1 bar / 20%: early bulk||early Bulk, <Vfloat||⇐ Vreconnect|
|0 bar / 0%:||not charging||⇐ Vlvd|
The BN series has no display. It has massive front-mounted heat fins. It is the first Tracer with so-called negative ground.
The BN controllers use the same comms setup as the A series above. Some users have reported sluggish PPT under changing conditions.
This 150v, “negative ground” controller looks like a BN with an inset display module.
Comms are by RS232, CAN BUS and Ethernet.
The eTracer is also sold as the Renogy Commander.
The Triron is also sold as the Renogy Rover, which can be programmed using the free software.
The default screen shows input from panel (volts and amps), output to battery (volts and amps), and output to LOAD (volts and amps).
The LOAD icon (light bulb) has rays around it when the load circuit is on; this does not mean there is a load present.
Epever makes bluetooth and wifi modules that plug in to the same port the MT-50 uses. This allows the free smartphone app to connect to the controller over bt/wifi for configuration and display. Pic to the right is from secessus' rig.
Renogy rebadges the modules for their [rebadged] controllers.
Eco-worthy refers to three stage charging as “impulse, bulk, and float”.
The mpt-7210a 10A controllers are indeed MPPT, but of limited use for RVers. They are strictly “boosting” (upconverting) controllers instead of the usual downconverting controllers. This means they could be used to charge a 24v bank from 12v panels. Or, for example, a 48v ebike from 12v portable panels.
[This company needs to make a normal MPPT at this price point! – secessus]
The following units are “fake” in the sense that they do not do MPPT. Some are PWM, some are shunt. This doesn't mean they won't work but it does mean they are marketed incorrectly. Adjust your willingness to pay based on actual function.
Note: while early versions (1.6) were reported to do actual MPPT, later versions (2.3) are reported to be dumbed down. The later versions still do DC-DC conversion but do not track powerpoints; they run the panels about 2v higher than battery voltage. See the comments on this test video and these blog posts.
The waterproof controllers are pwm at best. Confirmed by Adam Welch.